Coronavirus Overview

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.


“The key point that needs to be emphasised here is that human to human transmission is not rare with these types of viruses.”

Dr. Clare Wenham

Lecturers of the Product Design Department wearing a mask

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face. 

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).


COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.

Most Common Symptoms

  1. Fever
  2. Dry cough
  3. Tiredness

Less common symptoms

  1. aches and pains.
    sore throat.
    loss of taste or smell.
    a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes.

Serious symptoms

  1. difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
  2. chest pain or pressure.
  3. loss of speech or movement.

How to prevent its spread

To prevent infection and to slow transmission of COVID-19, do the following:

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • If you are feeling unwell, please do not visit our campuses and please seek medical support.
  • Stay at home if you have COVID-19 symptoms and get tested
  • Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.

For more information about Covid-19 in Ghana, please visit Ghana Health Service

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